After fertilization of the ovum, a series of hormonal changes occur in the woman's body. Some signs and symptoms indicate the occurrence of pregnancy, and the appearance of signs of pregnancy vary from woman to woman, and they also differ in the timing of their appearance and the duration of their continuation.
Here are some common pregnancy symptoms:

1. Fatigue and constant tiredness

Fatigue and constant tiredness are common in early pregnancy. Exhaustion is caused by high progesterone, low blood sugar, and low blood pressure. In addition, a large amount of energy goes to building the placenta and to helping the fetus to grow and develop naturally within the womb.

Tiredness during pregnancy can also be caused by iron deficiency.
Try to get sufficient rest, eat food rich in proteins and iron, and avoid treating fatigue by eating more caffeine.

2. Missed period

A missed period is caused by the high levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body, resulting in the stop of ovaries releasing the ovum every month, consequently, Missed period.
Therefore, if the Missed period by a few days or weeks, a pregnancy test must be performed to ensure that the pregnancy occurs.

3. Food cravings, constant hunger, and food aversions

Some women begin to crave certain foods or feel constantly hungry. You may also notice a sudden distaste for foods you previously liked. This is caused by the high level of pregnancy hormone.

4. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea during pregnancy is fairly normal. Pregnant can have nausea without vomiting.
Nausea begins three weeks after fertilization and stops by the nineteenth week of pregnancy for most women. Can happen at any time of the day or night.
A pregnant woman must not leave her stomach completely empty, take frequent snacks, and not take pregnancy vitamins on an empty stomach to cope with nausea.

5. Breast changes

Changes in the breast of a pregnant woman occur between the fourth and sixth week of gestation due to changes in estrogen and progesterone levels.

Among the changes are excessive pain and sensitivity and hardening of women's breasts and nipples, the size of breasts being changed to appear larger and heavier than before. And the auras around the nipples are colorful.

6. Frequent urination

Pregnant women observe an increase in urinary incontinence in two to three weeks after fertilization.

The reason for this is that the pregnancy hormone increases blood flow to the kidneys, making the bladder fill more quickly, thereby urinating more often than usual. In addition, increases in utero size increase pressure on the bladder, reducing the space available for storing urine and resulting in excessive urination.

7. Mood swings

Mood swings are one of the common symptoms that pregnant women, especially in the first trimester, may experience because of hormonal changes affecting the neurotransmitters of the brain.

Mood swings may vary from woman to woman, and mood swings may alternate between happiness and depression or anxiety. Mood variability is normal, but if you suffer from depression or prolonged grief, please call your doctor.

8. Implantation bleeding

Implantation bleeding is light bleeding that appears after fertilization, as pink or brownish discharge, It can occur within a few days before the expected start of a new period.

Implantation bleeding is accompanied by abdominal spasms and pains, dizziness, and swelling of the breasts.

Finally, if you experience any of these symptoms, start a home pregnancy test and if it is positive, go to a doctor or get a blood or urine test to confirm that you are pregnant.

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